Review of Approaches to Research in Architecture
MPAA, ETSAM , Blanca Lleó
More stimulating and fruitful reading Maybe I made over the summer has been the book under the title of approaches to research in architecture, documents the seminar focused on ¨ strategy dwell ¨ conducted in ETSAM the past and under the direction of White Lleó, also in collaboration with the architect Camilo García year. The timing of the seminar summarizes the text of the cover with the words: ¨ In our environment, and so exacerbated in recent decades in the field of architecture, has dominated the action over reflection . And now that the feverish activity has ceased entirely , an overwhelming and paralysis grips expectant architects. Definitely going to have to test our ability to think and deal with the uncertainty of future Ideas ¨ . And the justification for its purpose Blanca Lleó made in these terms: ¨ 100 years ago revolutionized modern architecture space of everyday life . In this workshop we intend to discuss which must be the basis for a transformation in the ways of thinking the chords living space with the contemporary world , and that in order to conclude ideas and draft proposals to help us into the future of ¨ architecture .
The objective of the seminar and also resonates as a distant echo the emphasis put on Martin Heidegger ¨ ¨ dwell in his speech at the Symposium Darmastadt crucial immediate post-war years , only the current dwell no longer refers to the legendary world of gods and mortals to the philosopher of Being and Time intended ultimately return it to a world that , according to the Lleó itself is ¨ a globalized world ¨ and ¨ full of uncertainties ¨ in which we live ¨ a complex reality and ¨ contradictory . But the orientation seminar to dwell ¨ ¨ as being in the world , did not prevent the issue of the house occupy an important place in it. In fact, the presentation of Blanca Lleó, succinctly titled Conversations focused on the highly influential house concept developed by Le Corbusier and post this in this brilliant essay by the classical dialectical method. I mean by imaginary dialogues with Rem Koolhaas Le Corbusier ,
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Konstantin Melnikov and August Perret. The intervention of Mary Fullaondo also revolved around the house, although in fact is reduced to the story of how , why and what vicissitudes experiencing performed the doctoral thesis was the basis for his book Homes in the Garden of MoMA . The consolidation of a museum. Initially , she was interested in examining the crucial role of the MoMA in the defense and promotion of modern architecture , but in the course of their investigation, decided to focus on five homes ¨ prototype had been built or at least raised its construction Sculpture Garden at the Museum of ¨ . And whose authors were: Frank Lloyd Wright, Buckminster Fuller, Gregory Ain, Junzo Yoshimura and Marcel Breur .
Only these two notable references are historical home in the conventional sense, because they deal with different versions of a paradigm is already considered past: modern house . One which , despite its revolutionary character remained safe day fracture and dislocation of the domestic space that determine the status of the contemporary home , the current unstable and ubiquitous condition. In the countryside In the capsule , the lecture that Rodrigo Rubio Square dedicated to rebuilding the trajectory of British collective Archigram architects clustered cites a singularly revealing experience . It was promoted by writer Ken Kesey , who spent the money earned by the copyright you got from the screen who carried his novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo ‘s Nest, to found a commune in La Honda technology , a neighboring town to Silicon Valley. There Kesey – Square account Rubio – ¨ O musicians , writers, artists and all kinds of characters from bohemia. They synthesizers , microphones, tape recorders, electric instruments ( … ) that add video and audio recorders . Electrify the entire redwood forest surrounding the house . Microphones distributed throughout all mount remixing amplifying and natural sounds , mixing them with synthesizers … ¨ The result of this bold experiment – Square continues Rubio – is void ¨ radical separation between architecture ( the cabin ) and nature (the forest ) ¨ , ¨ and generate an ecosystem where
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artificial and natural mix and feed ¨ . In the history of efforts to reduce the contrast between the cottage and the forest stand rationalist Laugier Abate and illustrated the physiological and emotional and Garden City , who wanted to neutralize such opposition by planning able to arrange the architecture nature . In the commune of La Honda that ran though no agreement by the simple harmonic coexistence between architecture and nature , captured visually , but a permanent interaction between them , electronically mediated . Y mediated , more specifically , by means able to record, mix and play sounds. The offset from the coexistence and interaction of the visual to the acoustic, which is also from the landscape ecology, produces an effect of immersion , although homologous to that which has traditionally produced architecture, and is not confined to their dimensional enclosures but instead occurs due to dislocation thereof. This kind of dislocation than David Greene scored appropriately ¨ ¨ hardware architecture was not uncommon , however, in the years of the commune of La Honda. At the end of the day , those years were marked by the celebration in 1969 of Woodstock, the macro rock festival that plunged hundreds of thousands of people in a short-lived mutant city, held up by the equally changing music broadcasts and not by clear and distinct system of solid and durable materials , as usual.
The problem of immersion in architecture is evoked by Andrés Jaque in the first part of Notes on the domestic and the political scenario , with whom I spoke at the seminar. In this part he examines the experience of the Festspielhaus Hellerau that ¨ in 1911 was the most important urban facilities of the Garden City of Hellerau ¨ , Germany. This project adds Jaque was a collaboration between architect Heinrich Tessenow , the stage designer Adolphe Appia, Alexander von Salzman and inventor Rhythmic Gymnastics : Emile Jacques Delcroze . And was meant explains Jaque , tame foreseeable conflicts within a community like Hellerau by practicing
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collective and systematic rhythmic gymnastics . The latter did in the atrium of the Festspielhaus , while in the central hall of the same used to attend as spectators to the performance of a group of dancers, lighted so that their bodies or receive or cast shadows , with the result ¨ bodies are blurred and the public saw as an intermediary between the white background vibration and dimensional retinas. A pulse of light similar to that produced by the mist of a television unsynchronized ¨ . This reading hall is very bold Hellerau because it departs from Walter Benjamin unparalleled immersive effects established between architecture and film and because it provides a telling metaphor for how our imagination is currently conditioned by the structure itself TV picture . Jaque however uses this metaphor to suggest that the role of appeasement and social discipline met on TV since its universalization is comparable to that tried to meet in the village hall in the header by Hellarau Tessenow program. And to defend the thesis that the concomitant power of the TV is not incontestable but, on the contrary , the introduction of the television monitor in the living room opens up a space of conflict and negotiation between the intentions of the sender and the characters and mobilizes and define the needs and desires of the recipient.
Television brings the world home but not unhinged . It can even be said to endorse their confinement , approaching and getting acquainted with the most remote , strange or unexpected, always presented to scale the living room and the hypothetical our fingertips . Unlike what do belhuis , public telephone booths in the city of Rotterdam , the subject of a pioneering research by Diego Barajas and Camilo Garcia , members of the Platform Spindles and exposed in his book Dispersion : a study of overall mobility and the dynamics of fictional urbanism . The space of belhuis but apparently Holiday is dislocated , first because it involves an investment of inside and outside and a start distributing public and private that even applies to planning: for citizens of Rotterdam is an interior more so opaque
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from outside like any other, for their users instead equivalent to the arrival in Rotterdam in his own world, this not only through the voices of loved ones but by the typical products there are sold or services also offers clearly marked by the origin of their customers and regular users . ¨ belhuis – Barajas and Garcia explained in his presentation at the conference – functioning as social condensers biodiversity of the city. While the eastern morning called , sub-Saharan tended to do at noon and afternoon Caribbean : Thanks to your converged space where all time zones are generated. So ( … ) an area never before seen in the history of the city, a collective and global space was transformed with the passing hours as the communities that inhabit ¨ were being built. The key word here is interactivity , because the foundation or substrate of belhuis is undoubtedly the oldest among all existing interactive medium : the telephone. But it is not alone: the attraction that belhuis have on its users is largely due to the fact that the sublimation of its architectural device and its heterogeneous decoration ¨ exotic ¨ , makes what Barajas and Garcia called ¨ atmospheres ¨ imagined . This term – clear – we mean ¨ artificially constructed environments in which different forms of social and biological life can we coexist. While the atmosphere with some chemical or physical properties have the ability to affect life in its physiological aspects ¨ , ¨ the operating environments and imagined , have the ability to influence the social aspects of life ¨ . But at this point it should go further and assert that the perpetrators without fear of betraying them , imagined that the atmospheres of belhuis are a model of diffuse field and dislocated it inhabits this new sociability ongoing migration flows generated by the third World to Western metropolises and which tend to merge or hybridizing different national origins and religious and cultural features of newcomers to, and the actual metropolitan cultures that accept or host .
Globalization means that a fruitful interaction of cultures
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world on others, which among other things – and as stress Barajas and Garcia – stimulates the possibility of building or at least to imagine alternative worlds own world of culture that currently hegemonize globalization of American culture. But it is also networking on a global scale, work has shifted to concentrate in plants and chained to the production lines , characteristic of the stage of capitalism that Antonio Gramsci called Fordist early .
Barajas and Garcia have not addressed as researchers but as architects the problem of in situ spatial implications of networking on a global scale thanks to the commissioning of a new headquarters that made them the Sketch Workshop Cali, Colombia and Responding with Building project called Host and Garden Butterflies Nectífero to Cali, EJHNMC for short. The workshop is dedicated to the business of clothing and decor and integrates a team of five women working in network and place their products both domestically and internationally marked by contacts in different cities of Europe and America. And if the commune of La Honda was a laboratory where new forms of coexistence and relationship between architecture and nature is experienced as well as art with electronic media playback and creation of images and sounds, is a workshop where EJHNMC new relationships between architecture and the environment, between the inside and the outside, between the local and the international , between producers and consumers and between private interests and public goods are provided . It is a house that is also a shop , a shelter for humans and also for the benefit of butterflies seeded and conveniently arranged to house them and feed native plants. It is also a place of direct sales and a network node on line sales where buyers and receive the same information on both the products offered on the activities of institutions and ecological groups in the city and region . And last but not Least is where new forms of relationships between the television screen and the living room that was experienced
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explored in the seminar by Andrés Jaque , in the aforementioned paper , through an analysis of precisely Latin American telenovelas .
In the exhibition space EJHNMC are arranged strategically monitors that chapters known Colombian telenovelas are broadcast . Only in the dubbed or subtitled in very different languages of the countries in which they have been issued versions . The exhibition of this unique facet of multiculturalism in action now moves to its viewers and not just the strict scope of EJHNMC but bounded by the Colombian culture and its unique imaginary cartography . And the team participates in workshop drawings production and what Barajas Garcia realovelas qualify ¨ ¨ and is described as a way to tap the huge communicative potential of television melodramas to produce copies of the genre incorporating promote alternative discourses and other visions city . ¨ In the case of EJHNMC – explain – we have been working on Realovela Butterflies and passions as a means of stimulating a network of citizens – gardeners in the city of Cali, gathered around awareness and preservation of biodiversity ¨ .