Madrid Architecture Guide
Around 1695 an Italian named Bartolomeo Cristofori began building an instrument , drawing on harpsichord and harpiscordio and incorporating some revolutionary innovations , can be considered the father of our current piano. There are two episodes in the history of the piano used to speak of the building in question.
The first is the invention of the upright piano , which was held in London in 1795 by William Stodart design . The upright piano consume regardless of the source of sound and space . But while this is merely a standing casually in a neutral point of home furniture , horizontal , or tail , piano tends , even today, to be placed in rooms or spaces whose dimension and finish are designed to emphasize the presence substantive instrument . The piano has the harp , strings and hammers parallel to the floor , resting still lying motionless in the site built for use when the others go , unpredictably , by unforeseen places of the universe,
When I listened to White Lleó MRVDV Dutch team and explain their building as a rotation of the closed block on one side , as a rotating bound to play and wit, I have always remembered this difference between pianos. The closed block is based on a rather old concept of functionality and overcome , a criterion which, on another scale, we would recognize in the houses or in the Palladian architecture Durand, – and I say this as no – merit , the process would call division and packaging . It is a simple procedure based on the following premises , We have a physical space on earth we are going to spend on construction .
We know exactly the functions to be performed inside from the time of its completion .
Each function has some special needs, – area , size , proportion, materials , finishes , uniquely determined and are part of the technical expertise of the architect.
The vacant space we can allocate , by a mechanism of simple division and conditioning , a package of strict spatial qualities of each function .
Unfortunately for some , none of these four premises remains in force today. The use of land to build on it is nothing more than an illegitimate usurpation and therefore should be emphasized temporality and argued the need for this loan. The future of functional spaces , even in the near future , has become something much more jnaprehensible . Of course architects ready no longer believe that there is only one way to perform each of the vital functions , and less than in its schools and universities have taught them better. Thus, the domestic architecture and urbanism ” septum ” have lost their meaning .
As the vertical piano, the “lookout ” for the city wins a big battle : the quasi -automatic functional determinism. Other securities and other agencies are supposed to provide arguments to architecture. The project starts a good list of propositions make an architecture that allows unprecedented views of the landscape as a pinhole camera that reveals another appearance means we already knew ; build a new category of public space, elevated plaza , slide it , gazebo, garden – deck, open living under bridge meetingpoint cool , let the typological and perceptual organizational diversity in a unique and hybrid entity : a building made up of neighborhoods, each housing simultaneemos an intimate role and a community role : the houses inside are spaces proper care and to live and , like most structural unit , are part of the base beam supports or bridge, or in the neighborhood of tile ; put construction service wit ; uproot a smile to passersby.
The second episode in the history of piano John Cage brings it up. Cage made several compositions for ” prepared piano ” instrument invented by placing various objects between the strings of a conventional piano for sound effects and structure a kind of percussion orchestra controlled by two hands. This beautiful moment in recent history seems to remind us that despite mobility , despite the independence of rigidly fixed categories , it is possible to build an environment , in this case sound , not predetermined by the instrument or by listening space , but extraordinarily rich in perception and experience . This is one of the key points that contemporary architecture is , the moment I baptize “There is life after harvest.” Conquered the independence and mobility of space and use of function and form , and to the historic temptation for this versatility leads us back to the only idea of neutral space, we should restore all perceptual and organizational characteristics of a rich environment and intense . At this point, these new deals with this building tempts us , – landscape, neighborhood, diversity – organicism , begin to have new meanings. With its purely circumstantial nature – ie not given itself as a category or type – set , proposed start building the diner urban environment, rich , varied and phenomenologically rich they would like the world’s inhabitants . What a shame that so little accompanying site ; !Pity that this approach has not been applied to cities but exceptions ! IQue Unfortunately the ladder that connected the street and the viewpoint is not built ! And that truly would have enabled the world in a new way .