Mare de Deu Building
Blanca Lleó .
Camilo Garcia , Constance Temboury Diego Simón , Marcelo Noeling , Luis Gutierrez, NB engineering structures , JG facilities .
9,000 m2 .
From 2005 to 2006 .
The Mare de Deu del Port building is situated on the slopes of Monjuic, in Barcelona.It is a 97 housing Project for youth renting, commissioned by Regresa. The building of 102 meters long and 5 upper floors has a connected diagonal sequence of voids, social spaces of medium scale (terraces, covered terraces and community locals) that act as connector between the public domain (city) and the private domain (house).
The youth housing program need is completed with a kindergarten and a occupational centre both situated on the ground floor, as well as the houses adapted for disabled. The building also has a parking area for bicycles, motorcycles and cars. The building has a diverse program with diverse uses and different age groups timetables and ways of living, guaranteeing social sustainability and human coexistence.
Each apartment has a surface of 40 m2, with a bathroom and an integrated kitchen. The project is an open space so that the user vital actions (spleeping, reading, eating, etc.) and its corresponding furniture will configure the spaceaccording to each user preferences. Next to the apartments, two collective multiuse dwelings with laundry situated in second and third floor, facilitate the communication among neighbours.
The small space of each apartment is virtually extended thanks to a great window and the tall ceilings. Each house has a large 6,80 m window 20m2 long. The facade has two layers to ensure energy saving, first there is a glass surface that provides the maximum incidence of sun’s rays in winter, and in front of this glass surface there is a system of vertical practicable slats for the control of the sun light and darkening.
This slats façade filter is an aluminum and phenolic plywood foundation, designed and produced by Llambí. Futhermore, voids in facade emphasizes the compact building guaranteeing ventilation and the integration of the magical Montjuïc mountain.
The building system opts for industrialization and sustainability.
The “total mould” technique used makes great savings in time and material. The structure, the façade and intern divisions are done at once, with continuous panels of reinforced concrete of 7, 10 y 16 cm wide, done with aluminum formwork.
The patent, the workers, and the mold all come from Colombia.
The serial execution process starts with the minimum framework of the floor of each unit. On top of this framework all the installations are set. Next formworked is performed, superfluid concrete is poured, and 24 hours later the formwork is removed . During this “grey”period one house a day is built. Next the carpentry, flooring and painting is executed. This “zero-waste” system is an ecological and sustainable solution as it minimizes waste and energy consumption.
The building has a novel auto energy production, Mare de Deu is the first housing building with a micro generation, i.e., electricity generation from gas combustion. This system includes the heating of water in a centralized boilder with flat rate for all tenants. Micro generation cover normal usage patterns, while for peak hours there is an extra boiler. Excess electricity is fed to the grid, which according to the law much be purchased by the electricity company.