Transgressing the context
Each biennial discusses his time. And as for the future is a partial reflection of events.
This first millennium Biennale takes the pulse of Spanish architecture on a specified date . Here ends the century of modern architecture. A passionate and exciting century whose impact continues to set our current steps. I have no doubt that the era we live forgetful thrives on discovering and revealing as new – in fact it always is – the modern look of the last century .
With the avant- born twentieth century to encourage between 1915 and 1935 the heroic period of modern architecture . The second half of the reviewed, questioned and even sentenced to modernity. In recent years , this being so intense and complex transformation of the modern, that no one entertains in naming the situation, just keep recapitulating and recycling , with digesting as sumptuous banquet . But the adventure of the modern project with its multiple avatars no end . And still in the early twenty-first century , our heads fly their deepest aspirations .
Modern architecture in the last century aspired to change society , wanted to incorporate it into modern times. Today’s society who claim to its proven strength and architecture transforming capacity . Powerful ideas and not only profitable , friendly ways that perpetuate an environment most of the time obsolete ; architectural ideas as an engine of change, of meaning, of involvement and participation in contemporary society are required.
Our goals determine our culture, the value of our civilization. The ambiguous end of our time, laden with pragmatism , ambition material and media image , but also full of emotion in risk to unravel the mysteries of man , the scope of the media created , the driving force of technology.
The power of ideas today , also in architecture, is based on critical knowledge of the deeper ambitions of contemporary society .
The jury of the Sixth Biennial of Spanish Architecture , wanted to highlight the projects that celebrate and confirms the confidence in the transformative power of architecture. Today we know that the media added impetus , the force is potentially more radical and powerful than ever.
The Kursaal Rafael Moneo , Manuel de la Dehesa Prize reinvents the nineteenth-century serenity of the bay of San Sebastian to revive the city, transcend the territory and incorporate it into a present of rapid change .
Escalators Farm in Toledo José Antonio Martínez Lapeña and Elias Torres- references in this announcement , is a brilliant solution as lightning illuminates the lethal out to today ascent of visitors and tourists .
The recycling of urban waste in Madrid Valdemingómez Iñaki Abalos and Juan Herreros , also mention in this biennial – raises with solvency to the category of architecture, infrastructure embarrassing contemporary society and its regenerative landscape installations .
The Biennial of the new millennium also has a new award created by the Caja de Arquitectos Foundation. Enric Miralles The award was created to recognize young architecture early work of emerging architects . The congress Euskalduna Federico Soriano and Dolores Palacios, Enric Miralles award this time , brings to memory and history of the estuary of Bilbao, a radical and poetic look turned into a driving force of transformation of the city .
These projects and others that make the selection of the Spanish Architecture Biennial 2001, new approaches foster an architecture according to your time. Architecture today , in its most important interventions , heroically returns to reject contextualism friendly , short and highly specific range . Transgressing the context, powerful ideas are the most exciting in creating contemporary spaces potential factor .
In the current situation , we could speak of a complex , diverse and open environment. Because the architecture no longer exists only in your next real environment and it multiplies and grows bigger as transforming presence , extensive and media . The Kursaal in San Sebastian as escalators Toledo, central waste Valdemingómez or architectures Euskalduna Bilbao are in the territory , building on the edge of the contemporary city with no beginning or end to the dynamic life of its inhabitants. The space / time dimension is changing rapidly through new information technologies and communication. And the significant buildings are becoming more like cities : expansive forces in the territory. Both architecture and city in its unstoppable growth, share the inevitable and indeterminate commitment to its limits , its powerful and pernicious ambivalence of potentially invasive, large-scale connectors .
The Kursaal in San Sebastián in the landscape extends from the mouth of the bay and the sea , and yet their light prisms face its precise tectonic urban order .
Toledo ladders are a geographical feature , a failure in the field, a cut on the mountain while wrapped in origami twists mechanical and functional appliance.
On the ground Valdemingómez urban waste , the built environment and its contents processed garbage seem to be via recycling of becoming permanent with the natural environment . The facility, in its environmental commitment , again in 25 years to be landscape, contemporary landscape that is generated in the processing of waste matter .
The Euskalduna Bilbao , evokes the industrial landscape and the demise of the shipyards in the Ria de Bilbao. The building, ship breaking and dream of mobility , reveals the presence longed land in the sea beyond all limits. A whole metaphor of the way for the conversion of the city ranging from the obsolete naval dizzying expansion internationally.
The contemporary condition of these four projects, not only reflected in the transgression that makes the context but also in programs that promote and demands for massive influxes . Today more than ever , architecture is a possible scenario and changing events , a place of complex and interactive program whose use is defined in time, more to reality than reason .
Increased flows are the consequence of the information society , wealth , consumption and entertainment. The media seduction and power regulates its flow , advertising is the owner of the street. And masses of spectators and tourists, mass consumers of information and also masses of refuse, move through an increasingly disjointed , sprawling .
The masses were symbol of the new era in prehistory of modernity. The modern artist born as the mirror of the crowd. Today as then, for contemporary man as passionate spectator , it is a great joy to settle in the heart of the crowd , in the ebb and flow of movement , in the midst of the fugitive and the infinite.
The force of ideas in architecture is also in possession of communication. The more role media play in the most necessary rotunda architecture and seductive image is made . The masses are part of the picture of the building and its acceptance or rejection is the added strength of a collective imagination stimulated.
Powerful ideas transcend architecture travel light and discipline to become media message. Architects know . The Kursaal are two crystalline rocks such as headlamps in the bay of San Sebastian. Escalators Farm , are a mysterious and playful pit in Toledo mountain. The recycling plant Valdemingómez is a shimmering mirage of steel and polycarbonate in the dry plateau. The Euskalduna , is a landlocked ship ready to surf networks. They are recreated landscapes, poetic scenery, metaphors constructed a new reality loaded with power that provides the rotunda , provocative and seductive advertising. They are a holder , a slogan , a concentrated and powerful idea.
These featured at the Sixth Biennial of Spanish Architecture projects also have the goodness to be a valuable contemporary presence on the international scene . Since its incorporation in anti-normative and late forties, Spanish architecture was based heavily on modern project. Probably the seemingly autistic independence of our teachers , there is of course until today , an open mind and therefore more confident and lasting achievements of modernity. Moreover, curiosity and craving for novelty of Spanish architectural culture in recent decades , has allowed a continuous flow of trends and influences in all directions. Publishing initiatives , invitations , contests , meetings and debates proliferate and open borders. In the IV Bienal the vast majority of the selected works are the reflection of an open and cosmopolitan of contemporary culture that produces understanding. The architecture and Spanish architects have increasingly international presence , and every day have more room in our environment the proposed foreign architects .
Each Biennial speaks of his time. The first Biennial millennium wields contemporary arguments for a possible change through the transgression of the context, the communicative strength of the image and respond to new demands for mass use . We identified 2001 the Spanish architecture expresses a renewed confidence in the power of ideas with strong social and cultural transformation. Maybe even the conviction that architecture can contribute to a more livable world . This is definitely authentic pending revolution .